Gender equality, and the so-called ‘gender gap’, is an increasingly topical issue. In Europe and the rest of the world, the issue is at the centre of political agendas. There is only one common goal: to significantly reduce the gender gap in order to promote the true achievement of equal opportunities in all areas of social life.
Analysts agree that reducing work, economic, cultural and salary disparities between the « sexes » will be an opportunity for growth, not only for the community, but also at economic level.


According to the recent study by the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap report, the ranking of the most virtuous countries is led by Northern Europe with Iceland, Finland and Norway. It is no coincidence that the three countries are led by women prime ministers, a fact that certifies how the idea of a « social role » or a « top role » that is mainly male is an absent concept from the institutional and political framework of the three countries, whose choices are free from the old gender stereotypes.
In fourth place, the first non-European country is New Zealand, led by Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern (1980), number one in the Labour Party, while Sweden is in fifth place.
Germany, France and the United Kingdom dropped out of the top ten, in 11th, 16th and 23rd place respectively. Italy went from 76th to 63rd place compared to the previous survey, gaining 13 positions out of a total panel of 156 countries.


Remaining in the EU and observing the European institutions and their composition, we note that the top positions, once reserved for men, are increasingly held by women. Maltese Roberta Metsola was recently elected to lead the European Parliament, the Union’s legislative body, while Ursula von der Leyen from Belgium is leading the European Commission and Christine Lagarde from France is leading the ECB. Three women of absolute value who are interpreting their roles with ability and competence, confronting, among other things, critical emergencies such as those related to the Covid and the drafting and approval of the Recovery Fund, to the management of the recent war between Russia and Ukraine.


Also from the European Union comes an analysis conducted on the occasion of the « Gender Action Plan 2016-2020 », which highlighted the costs of the gender gap worldwide. The study found that the gender gap has both social and economic repercussions.
Experts calculate that by progressively reducing the gender gap in the workplace and eliminating it by 2025, the contribution of women to global GDP could be doubled from $39 billion to $67 billion, with obvious positive repercussions for the global economy and social sustainability.